Menopause affects hundreds of thousands of women all over the world. Literary it means the end of periods. But menopause is a very complex condition that every woman faces at some time or other in her life. Menopause symptoms can be very different starting with hot flashes, night sweats and headaches, and ending with vaginal dryness, muscle pain and irritation. Lets consider the most common of them.
More than 70 percent of menopausal women experience hot flashes and sweats. Hot flashes can come at any time. They start as waves of heat in the chest and then spread up to the neck and face. You have probably seen many aging women with flaming red faces. Sweating starts a few seconds later. Sometimes it can be so extensive that it can leave clothes in wet spots in no time.
Mood swings also belong to the common menopause symptoms – more than 50 percent of menopausal women suffer from them. Rapid drop of the level of endorphins, which are significant elements in the central nervous system, may result in sudden anger, irritation, nervousness, anxiety, depression, despair, poor memory, inability to concentrate attention, etc. Obviously, it has a very negative impact on the quality of life. Almost 30 percent of women get severely depressed when they enter menopause and desperately seek help and support. However, depression and other menopause symptoms of this kind become less pronounced in course of time.
Weight gain is one of the most obvious menopause symptoms. A menopausal woman may eat the same amount of food and have the same physical activity as before menopause, but she may start putting on weight because of changes in metabolism. Consequently, consuming less calories and more exercises can be a way out.
When women enter menopause production of estrogens gradually slows down. It leads to decrease if blood circulation and mucus production in genitals. This menopause symptom is commonly known as vaginal dryness and it affects most of menopausal women. Poor elasticity, high risk of infections, itching, soreness, urinary frequency and incontinence, irritation and pain during intercourse (dyspareunia) are the main consequences of vaginal dryness. Moreover, hormonal changes inevitably lead to decreased libido, breast atrophy and swelling.
Menopause also lay its impact on musculoskeletal and cardiovascular system, thus, resulting in joint and muscle pain and increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases (including atherosclerosis and rapid heartbeat).
This is just a short overview of common menopause symptoms. You will want to read more articles on this site concerning certain symptoms in more detail.